Speaking at the 68th edition of Mann Ki Baat — Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged all Indians to adopt local breed dogs as pets.

He said: “I have heard that Indian breed dogs are very good and competent. The Mudhol hound and the Himachali hound are some of the best Indian dogs, while the Rajapalayam, Kanni, Chippiparai, and Combai are very good too.”

He urged people of the country to adopt dogs of Indian breeds if they planned to keep them as pets as he said no area should be left behind when ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ is “becoming the mantra of the masses”.

These lesser known breeds of dogs are found in various parts of the country. Here’s all you need to know about them:

Mudhol hounds

The Mudhol hounds, which have been inducted into the dog squads of the Indian security forces, hail from the bordering region of Karnataka and Maharashtra. It is believed that Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj used this breed of canines in his army. Mudhol hounds have narrow heads that are remarkably smaller than their bodies.

Mudhol Hound breed of dogs are used for hunting and guarding in and around Mudhol town of Karnataka. The Mudhol Hound breed is also known as Caravan Hound and In the villages he is known as the Karwani.


The Rajapalayam breed of dogs are believed to hail from Tamil Nadu and are named after a city named Rajapalayam in Virudhunagar district. It is a rare breed that is found only in some pockets of Tamil Nadu. They are lean and muscular and are excellent hunters.

They are believed to have fought alongside the Polygar soldiers against the British East India Company during the Polygar war from 1799 to 1805.

This is why the Rajapalayam dogs are also known as ‘Polygar hounds’.

Himachali hounds

The Himachali hounds are also called the ‘Gaddi Kutta’. As the name suggests, they hail from the Himalayan region and resemble a Tibetan Mastiff. These dogs are huge and have a thick fur coat that protect it from extreme cold.
‘Gaddi’ means shepherd in Urdu, and these dogs are primarily guard livestock.


Kanni is another dog that hails from Tamil Nadu and its name translates to “pure” in Tamil after its fierce loyalty. This breed is known for being fiercely loyal and are primarily hunting dogs. They are frequently used as guard dogs.

The Kanni is one of the rare South Indian dog breed famous as extremely faithful and always defend its home and master.


Chippiparai is one of the breed of Indian hunting dog found in the area around Periyar Lake. The Chippiparai dog is used for hunting wild boar and an intelligent breed and a wonderful watch dog.


Combai is also a dog breed from Tamil Nadu that are classified as terriers. They are a rare and dying breed that has recently been inducted into the dog squad of the Central Reserve Police Force.

They are tan-coloured with a black snout, and appear shorter and stouter than the Rajapalayam. They are classified as terriers.

Indian Spitz

The Indian Spitz is a tiny white dog with thick fur. They are very popular as pets and are easily trainable. They resemble Pomeranian and German Spitz.

Indian Spitz is one of the most popular dogs in India, an extremely bright and active breed of dog.

Indian Pariah

Indian Pariah Dogs are one of the oldest in the world,found throughout the Indian subcontinent. The pariah dog breed is very social dog,extremely alert watch dogs and highly intelligent.

The most commonly available local breed dog is the Indian pariah. It is a medium-sized dog with a short coarse tan or brown/ black coat. This breed is considered to be friendly and healthy and tough, making them ideal pets.

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